Tradition is still attached to Bali. Millions of tourists are fascinated by the determination of the Balinese people who still uphold their customs. In this digital and modern era, their tradition remains a strong grip in Bali. Ngoncang, which is held before Nyepi and Ngaben Ceremony, is also one of the hereditary traditions in Bali. This tradition is enough to describe the life of an agrarian society.
Some regions in Indonesia that have an agrarian climate also have a tradition of hitting lesung or mortar after harvest. In contrast to Bali, the Balinese have a traditional form that is closely linked to belief. In there, the Ngoncang Tradition takes place on important days, not always during the harvest season.
Mashing rice, or also called Ngoncang, is a tradition in Buleleng Regency. Mashing rice with alu (pestle) and lesung (mortar) makes a melodious sound. The rhythm of the tempo and the intermittent pause create beautiful musicality. Even though there is no music education, the musical tempo will be neatly arranged. Missing knock on the pestle is the color of the sound that stomps quietly.
Alu is made from logs. The difference in size and length that creates the tone. While the rectangular dimples with a hole in the middle, still made of wood. Rice is placed in the mortar hole, then pounded with pestle to remove the rice husk. This tradition is indeed currently rarely held. However, if it coincides Ngaben day and before Nyepi Holy Day, then Ngoncang will be held by residents.
Six to eight notes will form a musical composition. It’s played by six to eight people, so it requires cohesiveness. By seeing and hearing each other, the Ngoncang Tradition has meaning in its performance. This tradition is considered as a medium to establish friendship between citizens.
Initially, the Ngoncang Tradition was only played by women who used to pound rice using mortar and pestle. Nowadays, men and various backgrounds in musical ability are allowed to play this tradition.
Not only held in Buleleng Regency, the people who live in Buleleng Regency also carry out the Ngoncang Tradition. Such as Sukaluwih Traditional Village, Amerthabuana Village, Straits. Here, the Ngoncang Tradition is carried out in the harvest season. This tradition requires 15 days of preparation for practice. Along with traditional performances, also presented arts such as Genjeg, Drama, Bondres and Joget.
Apart from being a medium to establish harmony, the Ngoncang Tradition is also believed to ward off all kinds of diseases in livestock. Agricultural products are also expected to remain abundant after holding the Ngoncang Tradition event.