Bali has a variety of unique traditions and many rituals are carried out by the people that attracts local and foreign tourists to come. One of them is Canang Sari offering. An offering routinely made by Balinese people and found in almost every area in Bali. The purpose of Canang Sari offering is to create a great balance among God, humans and the universe.
Canang Sari Offerings
Canang sari is a daily offering offers to Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa (Hindu's God) in praise of prayer. Usually, it is in the form of small squares made of coconut leaves contain colorful flower combinations. The offering is carried out in several places that are considered sacred by Balinese people, such as temples, small prayer places at home, on the streets or even on the statues. Based on the shape, equipment, and uses, Canang Sari is specified to be Canang Genten, Canang Burat Wangi, Lenge Wangi, Canang Sari, and Canang Meraka. In Kawi Language, Canang comes from the word "Ca" means beautiful and "Nang" means destination. Therefore, canang can be interpreted as a means that aims to pray to Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. For your information, here are some details of Canang Sari.
- Ceper, is a small offering base made of young coconut leaves. It means "the body" (Angga-Sarira), because it is used as the base of Canang Sari.
- Rice or Wija, symbolizes Sang Hyang Atma (holy spirit) which gives life to the universe and symbolizes the initial seed of life of Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa
- Porosan, usually made from betel leaf, gambier, and lime which symbolizes Tri Premana; thoughts, speech, and actions that are similar to the Trimurti concept. It means that humans must have love, compassion, and gratitude to God.
- Snack, in the form of sugar cane and banana, means the strength of Upetti, Sitti, and Pralinan in the life of the universe.
- Sampian Uras, a series of circular shapes of coconut leaves consisting of eight segments symbolizing eight characteristics in the wheel of human life.
- Flowers symbolize peace and tranquility. The arrangement of flowers is sorted by color and meaning. The white flower is arranged facing east and symbolizes Sang Hyang Iswara's strength. The red flower is placed facing south, symbolizing Sang Hyang Brahma's strength. The yellow flower is placed facing west, symbolizing the strength of Sang Hyang Mahadewa. The blue and green flowers are arranged facing north, symbolizing Sang Hyang Wisnu's strength.
- Rampai Flower places above the flower arrangement and symbolizes the wisdom of life. Some flowers are fragrant and not, interprets the goodness and badness of human life.
- Lepa or boreh miyik is a symbol of good attitude and behavior
- Fragrant Oil symbolizes peace of mind and self-control.
Those are the content and meaning of Canang Sari. Hoping it will give you a glance when seeing a small square made of coconut leaves containing flowers at in front of the door or several spots in Bali. Well, while enjoying your holiday in Bali, please do not step over or step on Canang Sari when walking, especially when the incense is still on and be respectful to the Balinese culture as well.